E-ISSN 2229-7723 | ISSN 0976-9234
 

Original Article 


Self-Management to Change of Perception and Clinical and Pharmacological Knowledge of Covid 19

Eppy Setiyowati, Ayuda N. Agustina, Ayi S. Yuddha, Muchtar Muchtar, Endang Fatmawati, Andiyan Andiyan.

Abstract
Coronavirus 2019 (Covid-19) is caused by a coronavirus 2 that causes severe acute respiratory illness (SARS-CoV2). Coronavirus transmission occurs in the community in Indonesia, with a total of 49.009 instances (at time of writing). This research aims to determine the influence of self-management education on the attitudes and knowledge transfer of COVID-19 patients in an East Java hospital. Between January and July 2020, data was collected from 150 patients who visited a clinic in East Java. A sample was accomplished using a straightforward random sampling approach. The pretest data were collected to determine perspectives and knowledge, followed by the self-management education intervention, and finally, the posttest. The pre-and post-test data were collected using a closed questionnaire, and the results were analyzed using an independent T-test. Perception changes after self-management education intervention were seen only in the treatment group. Positive perceptions had a p = 0.001 significance level, whereas negative perceptions had a p = 0.001 significance level. After the treatment group received self-management instruction, knowledge satisfaction was p = 0.001 and satisfaction with self-management was p = 0.001. Self-management education can alter patients' perceptions and understanding of COVID-19 transmission. In the future, it is vital to do further studies on healthy behaviour awareness and COVID-19 prevention. Also it’s necessary to improve systems for clinical, pharmacological and medical knowledge for viral infection in societies.

Key words: Covid-19, Clinical knowledge, Coronavirus, Perception, Outbreak.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Setiyowati E, Agustina AN, Yuddha AS, Muchtar M, Fatmawati E, Andiyan A. Self-Management to Change of Perception and Clinical and Pharmacological Knowledge of Covid 19. PNR. 2022; 13(2): 1-6. doi:10.47750/pnr.2022.13.02.001


Web Style

Setiyowati E, Agustina AN, Yuddha AS, Muchtar M, Fatmawati E, Andiyan A. Self-Management to Change of Perception and Clinical and Pharmacological Knowledge of Covid 19. https://www.pnrjournal.com/?mno=104661 [Access: August 11, 2022]. doi:10.47750/pnr.2022.13.02.001


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Setiyowati E, Agustina AN, Yuddha AS, Muchtar M, Fatmawati E, Andiyan A. Self-Management to Change of Perception and Clinical and Pharmacological Knowledge of Covid 19. PNR. 2022; 13(2): 1-6. doi:10.47750/pnr.2022.13.02.001



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Setiyowati E, Agustina AN, Yuddha AS, Muchtar M, Fatmawati E, Andiyan A. Self-Management to Change of Perception and Clinical and Pharmacological Knowledge of Covid 19. PNR. (2022), [cited August 11, 2022]; 13(2): 1-6. doi:10.47750/pnr.2022.13.02.001



Harvard Style

Setiyowati, E., Agustina, . A. N., Yuddha, . A. S., Muchtar, . M., Fatmawati, . E. & Andiyan, . A. (2022) Self-Management to Change of Perception and Clinical and Pharmacological Knowledge of Covid 19. PNR, 13 (2), 1-6. doi:10.47750/pnr.2022.13.02.001



Turabian Style

Setiyowati, Eppy, Ayuda N. Agustina, Ayi S. Yuddha, Muchtar Muchtar, Endang Fatmawati, and Andiyan Andiyan. 2022. Self-Management to Change of Perception and Clinical and Pharmacological Knowledge of Covid 19. Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, 13 (2), 1-6. doi:10.47750/pnr.2022.13.02.001



Chicago Style

Setiyowati, Eppy, Ayuda N. Agustina, Ayi S. Yuddha, Muchtar Muchtar, Endang Fatmawati, and Andiyan Andiyan. "Self-Management to Change of Perception and Clinical and Pharmacological Knowledge of Covid 19." Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results 13 (2022), 1-6. doi:10.47750/pnr.2022.13.02.001



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Setiyowati, Eppy, Ayuda N. Agustina, Ayi S. Yuddha, Muchtar Muchtar, Endang Fatmawati, and Andiyan Andiyan. "Self-Management to Change of Perception and Clinical and Pharmacological Knowledge of Covid 19." Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results 13.2 (2022), 1-6. Print. doi:10.47750/pnr.2022.13.02.001



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Setiyowati, E., Agustina, . A. N., Yuddha, . A. S., Muchtar, . M., Fatmawati, . E. & Andiyan, . A. (2022) Self-Management to Change of Perception and Clinical and Pharmacological Knowledge of Covid 19. Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, 13 (2), 1-6. doi:10.47750/pnr.2022.13.02.001