E-ISSN 2229-7723 | ISSN 0976-9234
 

Original Article 


Antimicrobial resistance and presence of Class 1 integrons in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from burn and wound infections

Ali Hassoun Hammadi, Qutaiba Ahmed Al Khames Aga, Nabil Awni Nimer, Pottathil Shinu, Anroop B Nair.

Abstract
Objectives: Pseudomonas aeruginosa continues to be the most common pathogen in the nosocomial settings. This organism shows the high level of resistance against various groups of antibiotics. Therefore, this study investigates the association between the Class 1 integron and multidrug-resistant P. aeruginosa bacterium isolated from burn and wound infections. Materials and Methods: A total of 184 isolates of P. aeruginosa were collected from nonrepetitive burn and wound samples (n = 866). Kirby–Bauer disk-diffusion test, a standard technique, was used to perform antibiotic susceptibility testing. Class 1 integron genes in P. aeruginosa were identified using the polymerase chain reaction. Results: The antibiotic resistance rate ranged between 19–100% for 184 isolates of P. aeruginosa tested. Polymerase chain reaction amplification revealed that 46.73% (86/184) of P. aeruginosa strains carried Class 1 integron gene, that strains also showed resistance to majority of the antibiotics tested. Negatively, most of the Class 1 integron genes were isolated from wound infections (n = 45) than burn infections (n = 41). Conclusion: The current study revealed that P. aeruginosa isolates that carrying Class 1 integron possess higher level of resistance to amoxicillin, ceftazidime, aztreonam, meropenem, tobramycin, piperacillin, gentamicin, ciprofloxacin, and netilmicin. Therefore, it is essential to conduct antibiotic surveillance and molecular epidemiological studies to practice effective empirical therapies across the hospital settings.

Key words: Antibiotics, infections, integron, multidrug resistant


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ali Hassoun Hammadi, Qutaiba Ahmed Al Khames Aga, Nabil Awni Nimer, Pottathil Shinu, Anroop B Nair. Antimicrobial resistance and presence of Class 1 integrons in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from burn and wound infections. PNR. 2020; 11(1): 19-22. doi:10.4103/jpnr.JPNR_9_20


Web Style

Ali Hassoun Hammadi, Qutaiba Ahmed Al Khames Aga, Nabil Awni Nimer, Pottathil Shinu, Anroop B Nair. Antimicrobial resistance and presence of Class 1 integrons in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from burn and wound infections. http://www.pnrjournal.com/?mno=133358 [Access: January 26, 2022]. doi:10.4103/jpnr.JPNR_9_20


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ali Hassoun Hammadi, Qutaiba Ahmed Al Khames Aga, Nabil Awni Nimer, Pottathil Shinu, Anroop B Nair. Antimicrobial resistance and presence of Class 1 integrons in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from burn and wound infections. PNR. 2020; 11(1): 19-22. doi:10.4103/jpnr.JPNR_9_20



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ali Hassoun Hammadi, Qutaiba Ahmed Al Khames Aga, Nabil Awni Nimer, Pottathil Shinu, Anroop B Nair. Antimicrobial resistance and presence of Class 1 integrons in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from burn and wound infections. PNR. (2020), [cited January 26, 2022]; 11(1): 19-22. doi:10.4103/jpnr.JPNR_9_20



Harvard Style

Ali Hassoun Hammadi, Qutaiba Ahmed Al Khames Aga, Nabil Awni Nimer, Pottathil Shinu, Anroop B Nair (2020) Antimicrobial resistance and presence of Class 1 integrons in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from burn and wound infections. PNR, 11 (1), 19-22. doi:10.4103/jpnr.JPNR_9_20



Turabian Style

Ali Hassoun Hammadi, Qutaiba Ahmed Al Khames Aga, Nabil Awni Nimer, Pottathil Shinu, Anroop B Nair. 2020. Antimicrobial resistance and presence of Class 1 integrons in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from burn and wound infections. Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, 11 (1), 19-22. doi:10.4103/jpnr.JPNR_9_20



Chicago Style

Ali Hassoun Hammadi, Qutaiba Ahmed Al Khames Aga, Nabil Awni Nimer, Pottathil Shinu, Anroop B Nair. "Antimicrobial resistance and presence of Class 1 integrons in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from burn and wound infections." Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results 11 (2020), 19-22. doi:10.4103/jpnr.JPNR_9_20



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ali Hassoun Hammadi, Qutaiba Ahmed Al Khames Aga, Nabil Awni Nimer, Pottathil Shinu, Anroop B Nair. "Antimicrobial resistance and presence of Class 1 integrons in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from burn and wound infections." Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results 11.1 (2020), 19-22. Print. doi:10.4103/jpnr.JPNR_9_20



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ali Hassoun Hammadi, Qutaiba Ahmed Al Khames Aga, Nabil Awni Nimer, Pottathil Shinu, Anroop B Nair (2020) Antimicrobial resistance and presence of Class 1 integrons in Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from burn and wound infections. Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, 11 (1), 19-22. doi:10.4103/jpnr.JPNR_9_20





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