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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 29-34

Influence of some hydrophilic polymers on dissolution characteristics of furosemide through solid dispersion: An unsatisfied attempt for immediate release formulation

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Saurashtra University, Rajkot - 360 005, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
M K Raval
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Saurashtra University, Rajkot 360 005, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0976-9234.75702

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Background: The objective of the present investigation was to enhance dissolution characteristics of water insoluble drug, furosemide (FRMD), by solid dispersion in various hydrophilic carriers. Materials and Methods: The solid dispersions were prepared by solvent evaporation technique using urea and Hydroxy Propyl Methyl Cellulose (HPMC E50 LV). Physical mixtures of drug with above-mentioned polymers were also prepared. Phase solubility studies were performed for drug in the presence of excipients in different ratios. The formulations were evaluated for drug content, in vitro dissolution, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Similarity factor (f2) was calculated for comparison between dissolution of pure drug and drug-polymer physical mixtures with solid dispersions. Results: Phase solubility studies indicated linear increase in the drug solubility with increase in carrier concentration. In vitro release studies revealed that dissolution characteristic of FRMD was improved by solid dispersion technique. All the preparations of FRMD exhibited significant improvement in its dissolution profiles. Solid dispersion of FRMD with HPMC E50 LV exhibited the highest rate and extent of dissolution. Optimized batches of solid dispersions of both the carriers were characterized by FT-IR and DSC analysis, which indicated absence of major interactions between FRMD and carriers. Conclusion: Solid dispersion technique is one of the finest techniques to improve dissolution of poorly soluble drugs.

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