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Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results
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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 45-49

Lack of in vitro anticancer and antimicrobial activities in Suaeda maritima (seablite) crude extracts

Department of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok 10300, Thailand

Correspondence Address:
Yuttana Sudjaroen
Faculty of Science and Technology, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok 10300
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0976-9234.136796

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Aims: The aim was to determine antimicrobial and anticancer activities for water and ethanol extracts of leaves and shooting parts of seablite. Materials and Methods: Anticancer activity tests of seablite extracts were performed by resazurin microplate assay (REMA) and tested with 3 cell lines including KB cell line, epidermoid carcinoma of the oral cavity (American Type Culture Collection [ATCC] CCL-17), MCF-7 cell line, breast adenocarcinoma (ATCC HTB-22) and NCI-H187 cell line, and small cell lung carcinoma (ATCC CRL-5804). Antimicrobial activities of seablite water and ethanol extracts against herpes simplex virus type-I (HSV-1) and Mycobacterium tuberculosis H 37 Ra strain were tested according by green fluorescent protein-based assay; Candida albicans (ATCC 90028) and Bacillus cereus (ATCC 11778 or TISTR 687) were tested according by REMA; and Plasmodium falciparum, K1 strain was tested according by micro-culture radioisotope techniques. Results: Both extracts were not possessed anticancer activity to KB-oral cavity cancer, MCF7-breast cancer and NCI-H187-small lung cancer cell lines at maximum concentration = 50 μg/mL. In the same way to anticancer activity assays, both extracts were not inhibited HSV-1, P. falciparum K1 strain, M. tuberculosis H 37 Ra strain and B. cereus at the same concentration. Conclusions: Ethanol and water extracts of leaves and shooting parts of seablite had no significant anticancer and antimicrobial activities.

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