Effect Of Music Therapy On Depression, Anxiety And Stress Levels In Patients With Depression
Introduction: The outcome of any treatment or therapy is significantly impacted by the patient's psychological behaviour.
Our study aims to assess the depression, anxiety and stress levels using DASS-21 scale before and after music therapy along with standard care for depression in the intervention group.
Material and Methods: This is a quasi-experimental study with pre-intervention–post-intervention design consisting of intervention group (n = 30) and a control group (n=30) using simple random sampling method. Participants were adults (18–50 years of age) with a primary diagnosis of depression according to ICD-10. Patients with psychosis, substance abuse, adjustment disorders, and other psychiatric disorders were excluded from the study. The study involved non-invasive procedures with no financial burden on the subjects.
Results: After two months of therapy, the depression score, anxiety score and stress score were significantly lower in the intervention group as compared to the control group and this difference was statistically significant (p<0.05) respectively.
Conclusion: According to the findings of our research, patients diagnosed with depression who also received regular medical care experienced statistically significant favourable changes, including an improvement in their levels of depression, anxiety, and stress.