Urinary Clinical Manifestation In Type I And II Diabetes; An Observational Study


  • Dr. Fakhir Yousuf , Dr. Wajeeha Elahi , Dr. Ameen Zubair Syed , Dr. Sunil Kumar , Dr. Imran Sharif , Dr. Akhtar Ali




Objective: Diabetes mellitus is a group of endocrine disorders characterized by excessive blood glucose levels in patients, either as a result of insufficient insulin secretion, improper cell response to insulin, or both. It is simple to identify and treat when frequent urination, and excessive thirst, are present. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of urinary manifestations in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Methodology: This was a multicenter, cross-sectional study that was conducted using a non-probability sampling technique. The study duration was about six months, from March 1st, 2022, to August 31st, 2022. A total of 515 type 1 and type 2 diabetes patients, between the ages of 40 and 65, were included in the study. The socio-demographic parameters, such as age, gender, economic and health status, comorbidities, and urinary manifestations associated with both types of diabetes, were documented. Demographic factors, for instance, gender, comorbidities, and urinary clinical manifestations associated with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, were documented as frequencies and percentages.

Results: The study findings showed that out of 515 patients, 99(19.2%) had type 1 diabetes and 416(80.8%) had type 2 diabetes. Of them, 309(60.0%) were males and 206(40.0%) were females. The mean ages of type 1 and type 2 diabetes patients were 54.75±15.28 years. Approximately, 158(30.7%) type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients urinate frequently, and 213(41.4%) diabetes patients urinate twice the normal frequency during the day. Swelling of feet, ankles, hands, or eyes was observed in 323(62.7%) type 1 and type 2 diabetes patients, it occurred bilaterally in 113(35.0%) patients and unilaterally in 210(65.0%) patients.

Conclusion: This study concluded that the majority of patients present with typical symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes, showing frequent urination and frequent thirst. Moreover, swelling of the feet, ankles, hands, and eyes was also observed.



2023-06-15 — Updated on 2023-06-15




How to Cite

Urinary Clinical Manifestation In Type I And II Diabetes; An Observational Study. (2023). Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, 149-156. https://doi.org/10.47750/pnr.2023.14.04.20