EFFECT OF DISTRACTION STRATEGIES ON PAIN INTENSITY AND FEAR AMONG CHILDREN WITH LEUKEMIA UNDERGOING VENIPUNCTURE

Authors

  • Maha Elsayed Mohammed Abu Elela , Dr. Hewida Ahmed Hussein , Dr. Emad Nabil Ebeid , Dr. Hanan Mohamed Rashad

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47750/pnr.2023.14.03.02

Abstract

Pain and fear experienced by children who are subjected to painful procedures. Pain management is an important topic to explore; distraction techniques can be utilized to divert children's attention away from painful procedures. Aim of the study: To evaluate the effect of distraction strategies on pain intensity and fear among children with leukemia undergoing venipuncture. Design: Pre/post a repeated measure one group quasi experimental research design was used to achieve the aim of the current study. Setting: The current study was conducted in pediatric oncology department at the National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, which is located in the fifth floor Sample: A purposive sample of 30 preschool age children with leukemia undergoing venipuncture procedure that was attend the previous mentioned setting and were fulfilled the inclusion criteria was included in the current study, these 30 child were assigned as control group before intervention and the same 30 child were assigned to the study group. Tools for data collection: Tool I a structured interview sheet; Tool II blood sample assessment sheet; Tool III Wong-Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale Tool IV Children‟ Fear Scale (CFS). Results: Pain and fear score affected by active and passive distraction with decrease in total score. There were statistically significant differences regarding the total mean score of pain intensity and fear degree. Conclusion: The current study concluded that after using of active and passive distraction strategies, there was a significant decrease in pain intensity and fear degree. Preschool child exposed to less pain and fear after exposure to active and passive distraction strategies. Active distraction strategies were more effective than passive distraction strategies. Recommendation: Integrate active and passive age related distraction strategies for children in the pediatric oncology ward and should be considered it into the discharge plan. Distraction strategies should be involved in the painful routine care. Repeated the current study on large sample of children in different setting to generalize the results.

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Published

2023-01-01 — Updated on 2023-01-01

How to Cite

Maha Elsayed Mohammed Abu Elela , Dr. Hewida Ahmed Hussein , Dr. Emad Nabil Ebeid , Dr. Hanan Mohamed Rashad. (2023). EFFECT OF DISTRACTION STRATEGIES ON PAIN INTENSITY AND FEAR AMONG CHILDREN WITH LEUKEMIA UNDERGOING VENIPUNCTURE. Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, 7–18. https://doi.org/10.47750/pnr.2023.14.03.02

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